A. Mineral wool

B. Perlite

C. Cellulose

D. Coconut coir

Details About Production of Electronic Soil (eSoil):

An innovative substance called Electronic Soil is utilized to boost hydroponic garden growth. It is a combination of polystyrene sulfonate and cellulose ethylenedioxythiophene. Whereas PEDOT: PSS is an organic mixed ionic electrical conductor, cellulose is a biopolymer. Because of the material’s electrical conductivity, producers can benefit from past studies that found that the electrical stimulation of barley seedlings can accelerate the development rate without using a lot of electricity or high voltages. During a 15-day test, the eSoil demonstrated its promise by outperforming rockwool substrate by 50%.